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World Journal of Emergency Medicine ›› 2012, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 202-207.doi: 10.5847/wjem.j.issn.1920-8642.2012.03.008

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Risk factors and antibiotic resistance of pneumonia caused by multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in pediatric intensive care unit

Xiao-fang Cai1, Ji-min Sun1, Lian-sheng Bao2, Wen-bin Li3()   

  1. 1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Wuhan Children's Hospital, Wuhan 430016, China
    2 Clinical Laboratory, Wuhan Children's Hospital, Wuhan 430016, China
    3 Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China
  • Received:2012-03-08 Accepted:2012-07-17 Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-09-15
  • Contact: Wen-bin Li


BACKGROUND: With beta-lactam drugs and immunosuppressants widely used, the infection caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab) has become more and more serious with multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAb) emerging and worsening rapidly. Compared with other patients, the incidence and multidrug resistance of MDRAb are higher in children in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) because of immune deficiency, severe basic diseases, prolonged hospitalization and invasive operations. Hence it is significant to study the epidemiology and changes of antibacterial susceptibility in order to reduce the incidence of MDRAb in children.

METHODS: A total 115 patients with MDRAb pneumonia and 45 patients with negative MDRAb (NMDRAb) pneumonia who had been treated from January 2009 to August 2011 were studied retrospectively at the PICU of Wuhan Children's Hospital. Clinical data were analyzed with univariate and multivariate Logistic regression.

RESULTS: In 176 clinical strains of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated, there were 128 strains of MDRAb, accounting for 72.73%. Drug susceptibility tests showed that the resistance rates of β-lactam antibiotics were more than 70% except for cefoperazone sulbactam. The rates to carbapenems were higher than 90%. They were significantly higher than those of NMDRAb. Amikacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and minocycline had the lowest drug-resistance rates (<20%). Multivariate Logistic regression revealed that ICU stay, the time of mechanical ventilation, anemia, hypoproteinemia and the use of carbapenems were independent risk factors for MDRAb pneumonia.

CONCLUSIONS: MDRAb is an important opportunistic pathogen to pneumonia in PICU, and its drug-resistance is severe. It increases significantly the mortality of patients. It is important to take the effective prevention measures for controlling it.

Key words: Pediatric, Intensive Care Unit, Multidrug resistance, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pneumonia, Risk factor, Retrospective study