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World Journal of Emergency Medicine ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 133-139.doi: 10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2020.03.001

Special Issue: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

• Original Articles •     Next Articles

Availability of basic life support courses for the general populations in India, Nigeria and the United Kingdom: An internet-based analysis

Alexei Birkun(), Fatima Trunkwala, Adhish Gautam, Miriam Okoroanyanwu, Adesokan Oyewumi   

  1. Department of Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, Medical Academy named after S. I. Georgievsky of V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University; 295051, Lenin Blvd, 5/7, Simferopol, Russian Federation
  • Received:2019-04-10 Accepted:2019-12-12 Online:2020-07-01 Published:2020-07-01
  • Contact: Alexei Birkun


BACKGROUND: The number of lay people willing to attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in real life is increased by effective education in basic life support (BLS). However, little is known about access of general public to BLS training across the globe. This study aimed to investigate availability and key features of BLS courses proposed for lay people in India, Nigeria and the United Kingdom (UK).

METHODS: A Google search was done in December 2018, using English keywords relevant for community resuscitation training. Ongoing courses addressing BLS and suitable for any adult layperson were included in the analysis. On-site training courses were limited to those provided within the country’s territory.

RESULTS: A total of 53, 29 and 208 eligible courses were found for India, Nigeria and the UK, respectively. In the UK, the number of courses per 10 million population (31.5) is 79 and 21 times higher than that in India (0.4) and Nigeria (1.5). Course geography is limited to 28% states and one union territory in India, 30% states and the Federal Capital Territory in Nigeria. In the UK, the training is offered in all constituent countries, with the highest prevalence in England. Courses are predominantly classroom-based, highly variable in duration, group size and instructors’ qualifications. For India and Nigeria, mean cost of participation is exceeding the monthly minimum wage.

CONCLUSION: In contrast to the UK, the availability and accessibility of BLS courses are critically limited in India and Nigeria, necessitating immediate interventions to optimize community CPR training and improve bystander CPR rates.

Key words: Basic life support, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Courses, Training, India, Nigeria, United Kingdom