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World Journal of Emergency Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 81-87.doi: 10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2019.02.003

Special Issue: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Theoretical knowledge and psychomotor skill acquisition of basic life support training programme among secondary school students

Israel Olatunji Gabriel1(), Joel O. Aluko2   

  1. 1 School of Post Basic Nursing Programmes (Anaesthesia), Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
    2 The Department of Nursing, University of Ilorin, Kwara state, Nigeria
  • Received:2018-09-06 Accepted:2019-01-10 Online:2019-06-15 Published:2019-06-15
  • Contact: Israel Olatunji Gabriel


BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the theoretical knowledge and psychomotor skill acquisition of basic life support (BLS) by a group of secondary school students in Nigeria pre and post BLS training.
METHODS: This was quasi-experimental study design with 210 participants. They were taught on adult BLS and all the participants practiced BLS on a Resusci-Anne manikin immediately after the training. Data were collected using American Heart Association (AHA) structured questionnaire and psychomotor skills checklist for BLS at baseline, and post BLS training.
RESULTS: The pre-training knowledge score was 1.9±1.4. This increased after the BLS training to 11.4±2.4, and the mean difference between the pre and post BLS training scores was 9.48571. Pre-training psychomotor skill score was 0.00±0.00, this increased to 8.9±1.9 after the training, and the mean difference was 8.90000. The knowledge and psychomotor skill difference between pre and post BLS training was significant (P<0.000).
CONCLUSION: Most Nigerian secondary school students were not knowledgeable about BLS. Therefore, there is need for the creation of more awareness among the students.

Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Basic life support, Education, School students, Life-saving skills, Nigeria